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Difference between Python 2 and Python 3

Python 2 Python 3
Year of Release: 2000Year of Release: 2008
In Python 2, print is considered to be a statement and not a function.In Python 3, print is considered to be a function and not a statement.
In Python 2, strings are stored as ASCII by default.In Python 3, strings are stored as UNICODE by default.
On the division of two integers, we get an integral value in Python 2. For instance, 7/2 yields 3 in Python 2.On the division of two integers, we get a floating-point value in Python 3. For instance, 7/2 yields 3.5 in Python 3.
In Python 2, exceptions are enclosed in notations.In Python 3, exceptions are enclosed in parentheses.
The values of global variables do change in Python 2 if they are used inside a for-loop.The value of variables never changes in Python 3.
In Python 2, the xrange() function has been defined for iterations.In Python 3, the new Range() function was introduced to perform iterations.
Python 2 has more complicated syntax than Python 3.Python 3 has an easier syntax compared to Python 2.
A lot of libraries of Python 2 are not forward compatible.A lot of libraries are created in Python 3 to be strictly used with Python 3.
Python 2 is no longer in use since 2020.Python 3 is more popular than Python 2 and is still in use in today’s times.
Python 2 codes can be ported to Python 3 with a lot of effort.Python 3 is not backward compatible with Python 2.
Python 2 was mostly used to become a DevOps Engineer. It is no longer in use after 2020.Python 3 is used in a lot of fields like Software Engineering, Data Science, etc.

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