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Core Java Interview Questions and Answers

Ques. What is polymorphism in Java? Method overloading or overriding?
Ans. What is polymorphism in Java

Polymorphism is an Oops concept which advice use of common interface instead of concrete implementation while writing code. When we program for interface our code is capable of handling any new requirement or enhancement arise in near future due to new implementation of our common interface. If we don't use common interface and rely on concrete implementation, we always need to change and duplicate most of our code to support new implementation. Its not only java but other object oriented language like C++ also supports polymorphism and it comes as fundamental along with encapsulation , abstraction and inheritance.

Method overloading and method overriding in Java
Method is overloading and method overriding uses concept of polymorphism in java where method name remains same in two classes but actual method called by JVM depends upon object. Java supports both overloading and overriding of methods. In case of overloading method signature changes while in case of overriding method signature remains same and binding and invocation of method is decided on runtime based on actual object. This facility allows java programmer to write very flexibly and maintainable code using interfaces without worrying about concrete implementation. One disadvantage of using polymorphism in code is that while reading code you don't know the actual type which annoys while you are looking to find bugs or trying to debug program. But if you do java debugging in IDE you will definitely be able to see the actual object and the method call and variable associated with it.
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