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Core Java Interview Questions and Answers

Ques. What is this() keyword in core java and when should we use this() in core java?
Ans.
The this keyword is primarily used in three situations. The first and most common is in setter methods to disambiguate variable references. The second is when there is a need to pass the current class instance as an argument to a method of another object. The third is as a way to call alternate constructors from within a constructor.

Example of Case 1: Using this to disambiguate variable references. In Java setter methods, we commonly pass in an argument with the same name as the private member variable we are attempting to set. We then assign the argument x to this.x.
public class Foo {
    private String name;
    // ...
    public void setName(String name) {
        // This makes it clear that you are assigning 
        // the value of the parameter "name" to the 
        // instance variable "name".
        this.name = name;
    }
    // ...
}
Example of Case 2: Using this we can pass current class object through method argument to another object.
class Foo{
	void callMethod(){
		Toy toy = new Toy();
		toy.insertValue(this); //Here this means Foo current object
	}
}
Example of Case 3: Using this to call alternate constructors. In the comments, trinithis correctly pointed out another common use of this. When you have multiple constructors for a single class, you can use this(arg0, arg1, ...) to call another constructor of your choosing, provided you do so in the first line of your constructor.
class Foo {
    public Foo() {
        this("Some default value for bar");
        // Additional code here will be executed 
        // after the other constructor is done.
    }
    public Foo(String bar) {
        // Do something with bar
    }
    // ...
}
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