C++ Interview Questions and Answers
Ques 16. What are the advantages of inheritance?
? It permits code reusability.
? Reusability saves time in program development.
? It encourages the reuse of proven and debugged high-quality software, thus reducing problem after a system becomes functional.
Ques 17. What is the difference between declaration and definition?Ans.
The declaration tells the compiler that at some later point we plan to present the definition of this declaration.
E.g.: void stars () //function declaration
The definition contains the actual implementation.
E.g.: void stars () // declarator
for(int j=10; j>=0; j--) //function body
Ques 18. What is the difference between an ARRAY and a LIST?
Array is collection of homogeneous elements.
List is collection of heterogeneous elements.
For Array memory allocated is static and continuous.
For List memory allocated is dynamic and Random.
Array: User need not have to keep in track of next memory allocation.
List: User has to keep in Track of next location where memory is allocated.
Array uses direct access of stored members, list uses sequencial access for members.
//With Array you have direct access to memory position 5
Object x = a; // x takes directly a reference to 5th element of array
//With the list you have to cross all previous nodes in order to get the 5th node:
for( it = list.begin() ; it != list.end() ; it++ )
x = *it;
Ques 19. Does c++ support multilevel and multiple inheritance?Ans.
Ques 20. What is a template?Ans.
Templates allow to create generic functions that admit any data type as parameters and return value without having to overload the function with all the possible data types. Until certain point they fulfill the functionality of a macro. Its prototype is any of the two following ones:
template <class indetifier> function_declaration; template <typename indetifier> function_declaration;
The only difference between both prototypes is the use of keyword class or typename, its use is indistinct since both expressions have exactly the same meaning and behave exactly the same way.
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