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JSP Interview Questions and Answers

Ques 36. What are the different scope valiues for the <jsp:useBean>?

Ans. The different scope values for <jsp:useBean> are

1. page
2. request

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Ques 37. Explain the life-cycle mehtods in JSP?
Ans. THe generated servlet class for a JSP page implements the HttpJspPage interface of the javax.servlet.jsp package. Hte HttpJspPage interface extends the JspPage interface which inturn extends the Servlet interface of the javax.servlet package. the generated servlet class thus implements all the methods of the these three interfaces. The JspPage interface declares only two mehtods jspInit() and jspDestroy() that must be implemented by all JSP pages regardless of the client-server protocol. However the JSP specification has provided the HttpJspPage interfaec specifically for the JSp pages serving HTTP requests. This interface declares one method _jspService().

The jspInit()- The container calls the jspInit() to initialize te servlet instance.It is called before any other method, and is called only once for a servlet instance.

The _jspservice()- The container calls the _jspservice() for each request, passing it the request and the response objects.

The jspDestroy()- The container calls this when it decides take the instance out of service. It is the last method called n the servlet instance.
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Ques 38. How do I prevent the output of my JSP or Servlet pages from being cached by the browser?
Ans. You will need to set the appropriate HTTP header attributes to prevent the dynamic content output by the JSP page from being cached by the browser. Just execute the following scriptlet at the beginning of your JSP pages to prevent them from being cached at the browser. You need both the statements to take care of some of the older browser versions.


response.setHeader("Cache-Control","no-store"); //HTTP 1.1

response.setHeader("Pragma\","no-cache"); //HTTP 1.0

response.setDateHeader ("Expires", 0); //prevents caching at the proxy server

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Ques 39. What is the difference between variable declared inside a declaration part and variable declared in scriplet part?
Ans. Variable declared inside declaration part is treated as a global variable.that means after convertion jsp file into servlet that variable will be in outside of service method or it will be declared as instance variable.And the scope is available to complete jsp and to complete in the converted servlet class.where as if u declare a variable inside a scriplet that variable will be declared inside a service method and the scope is with in the service method.
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Ques 40. Is there a way to execute a JSP from the comandline or from my own application?
Ans. There is a little tool called JSPExecutor that allows you to do just that.
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