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JDBC Interview Questions and Answers

Ques 16. How do I retrieve warnings?

Ans. SQLWarning objects are a subclass of SQLException that deal with database access warnings. Warnings do not stop the execution of an
application, as exceptions do; they simply alert the user that something did not happen as planned. A warning can be reported on a
Connection object, a Statement object (including PreparedStatement and CallableStatement objects), or a ResultSet object. Each of these
classes has a getWarnings method, which you must invoke in order to see the first warning reported on the calling object:
SQLWarning warning = stmt.getWarnings();
if (warning != null)
{
System.out.println("n---Warning---n");
while (warning != null)
{
System.out.println("Message: " + warning.getMessage());
System.out.println("SQLState: " + warning.getSQLState());
System.out.print("Vendor error code: ");
System.out.println(warning.getErrorCode());
System.out.println("");
warning = warning.getNextWarning();
}
}

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Ques 17. How can you move the cursor in scrollable result sets?
Ans. One of the new features in the JDBC 2.0 API is the ability to move a result setís cursor backward as well as forward. There are also methods that let you move the cursor to a particular row and check the position of the cursor.
Statement stmt = con.createStatement(ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE, ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
ResultSet srs = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT EMP_NAME, SAL FROM EMPLOYEE");

The first argument is one of three constants added to the ResultSet API to indicate the type of a ResultSet object: TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY, TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE , and TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE. The second argument is one of two ResultSet constants for specifying whether a result set is read-only or updatable: CONCUR_READ_ONLY and CONCUR_UPDATABLE. The point to remember here is that if you specify a type, you must also specify whether it is read-only or updatable. Also, you must specify the type first, and because both parameters are of type int , the compiler will not complain if you switch the order. Specifying the constant TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY creates a nonscrollable result set, that is, one in which the cursor moves only forward. If you do not specify any constants for the type and updatability of a ResultSet object, you will automatically get one that is TYPE_FORWARD_ONLY and CONCUR_READ_ONLY.
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Ques 18. Whatís the difference between TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE , and TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE?
Ans. You will get a scrollable ResultSet object if you specify one of these ResultSet constants.The difference between the two has to do with whether a result set reflects changes that are made to it while it is open and whether certain methods can be called to detect these changes. Generally speaking, a result set that is TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE does not reflect changes made while it is still open and one that is TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE does. All three types of result sets will make changes visible if they are closed and then reopened:
Statement stmt =
con.createStatement(ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_INSENSITIVE, ResultSet.CONCUR_READ_ONLY);
ResultSet srs =
stmt.executeQuery("SELECT EMP_NAME, SAL FROM EMPLOYEE");
srs.afterLast();
while (srs.previous())
{
String name = srs.getString("EMP_NAME");
float sal = srs.getFloat("SAL");
System.out.println(name + " " + sal);
}
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Ques 19. How to Make Updates to Updatable Result Sets?
Ans. Another new feature in the JDBC 2.0 API is the ability to update rows in a result set using methods in the Java programming language rather than having to send an SQL command. But before you can take advantage of this capability, you need to create a ResultSet object that is updatable. In order to do this, you supply the ResultSet constant CONCUR_UPDATABLE to the createStatement method.
Connection con =
DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:mySubprotocol:mySubName");
Statement stmt =
con.createStatement(ResultSet.TYPE_SCROLL_SENSITIVE, ResultSet.CONCUR_UPDATABLE);
ResultSet uprs =
stmt.executeQuery("SELECT EMP_NAME, SAL FROM EMPLOYEE");
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Ques 20. What is JDBC Driver?
Ans. The JDBC Driver provides vendor-specific implementations of the abstract classes provided by the JDBC API. This driver is used to connect to the database.
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