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Generative AI Interview Questions and Answers

Freshers / Beginner level questions & answers

Ques 1. What is Generative AI?

Generative AI stands for Generative Artificial Intelligence, is a subset of artificial intelligence (AI) that focuses on enabling machines to generate content or data that resembles human-generated information.

It’s a technology that’s gaining immense popularity in various fields, from natural language processing to creative content generation.

Generative AI operates on a principle of learning patterns from existing data and using that knowledge to create new content.

It relies on deep learning techniques, particularly neural networks, to accomplish this task. These neural networks are trained on large datasets, allowing them to generate text, images, music, and more.

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Ques 2. How does Generative AI work?

Generative AI works by using of neural networks, specifically Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) and more recently, Transformers. Here’s are a few steps of how it works:

  • Data Collection: To begin, a substantial amount of data related to the specific task is gathered. For instance, if you want to generate text, the model needs a massive text corpus to learn from.
  • Training: The neural network is then trained on this data. During training, the model learns the underlying patterns, structures, and relationships within the data. It learns to predict the next word, character, or element in a sequence.
  • Generation: Once trained, the model can generate content by taking a seed input and predicting the subsequent elements. For instance, if you give it the start of a sentence, it can complete the sentence in a coherent and contextually relevant manner.
  • Fine-Tuning: Generative AI models can be further fine-tuned for specific tasks or domains to improve the quality of generated content.

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Ques 3. What are the top applications of Generative AI?

Generative AI has a wide range of applications across different industries:

  • Natural Language Processing (NLP): It’s used for text generation, language translation, and chatbots that can engage in human-like conversations.
  • Content Generation: Generative AI can create articles, stories, and even poetry. It’s used by content creators to assist in writing.
  • Image and Video Generation: It can generate realistic images and videos, which are valuable in fields like entertainment and design.
  • Data Augmentation: In data science, it’s used to create synthetic data for training machine learning models.
  • Healthcare: Generative AI helps in generating medical reports, simulating disease progression, and drug discovery.

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Ques 4. What are some popular Generative AI models?

Generative AI models have revolutionized the field of artificial intelligence, offering remarkable capabilities in generating content, from text to images and beyond. In this section, we’ll explore some of the most popular and influential Generative AI models that have left a significant mark on the generative AI industry.

  1. GPT-4 (Generative Pre-trained Transformer 4): GPT-4, developed by OpenAI, is a standout among Generative AI models. With billions of parameters, it has demonstrated remarkable text generation abilities. GPT-4 can answer questions, write essays, generate code, and even create conversational agents that engage users in natural language.
  2. BERT (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers): Although primarily known for its prowess in natural language understanding, BERT also exhibits generative capabilities. It excels in tasks like text completion and summarization, making it a valuable tool in various applications, including search engines and chatbots.
  3. DALL·E: If you’re interested in generative art, DALL·E is a model to watch. Developed by OpenAI, this model can generate images from textual descriptions. It takes creativity to new heights by creating visuals based on written prompts, showing the potential of Generative AI in the visual arts.
  4. StyleGAN2: When it comes to generating realistic images, StyleGAN2 is a name that stands out. It can create high-quality, diverse images that are virtually indistinguishable from real photographs. StyleGAN2 has applications in gaming, design, and even fashion.
  5. VQ-VAE-2 (Vector Quantized Variational Autoencoder 2): This model combines elements of generative and variational autoencoders to generate high-quality, high-resolution images. It has made significant strides in image compression and generation.

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Ques 5. How does text generation with Generative AI work?

Text generation with Generative AI involves models like GPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer). Here’s how it works:

  1. Pre-training: Models are initially trained on a massive corpus of text data, learning grammar, context, and language nuances.
  2. Fine-tuning: After pre-training, models are fine-tuned on specific tasks or datasets, making them domain-specific.
  3. Autoregressive Generation: GPT generates text autoregressively, predicting the next word based on context. It’s conditioned on input text.
  4. Sampling Strategies: Techniques like beam search or temperature-based sampling control the creativity and diversity of generated text.

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Ques 6. How does Generative AI impact content generation on the internet?




Rapidly generates large amounts of content


Tailors content to individual user preferences

Multilingual Support

Creates content in multiple languages

SEO Optimization

Analyzes keywords for better search engine ranking

Content Variability

Produces diverse content types for wider engagement

Quality Control

Requires human oversight for accuracy and coherence

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