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PyTorch Interview Questions and Answers

Related differences

TensorFlow vs PyTorch

Ques 1. What is PyTorch and how does it differ from other deep learning frameworks?

PyTorch is an open-source machine learning library developed by Facebook. It is known for its dynamic computational graph, which allows for more flexibility during model training. Unlike static graph frameworks like TensorFlow, PyTorch uses dynamic computation, making it easier to debug and experiment with models.

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Ques 2. Explain the difference between tensors and variables in PyTorch.

Tensors in PyTorch are similar to NumPy arrays and are the fundamental building blocks for creating deep learning models. Variables, on the other hand, are part of PyTorch's autograd system and are used to compute gradients during backpropagation. Variables have been deprecated in recent versions of PyTorch, and tensors with the `requires_grad` attribute are now used for automatic differentiation.

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Ques 3. What is autograd in PyTorch and how does it work?

Autograd, short for automatic differentiation, is a key component of PyTorch that automatically computes gradients of tensor operations. It enables automatic computation of gradients for backpropagation during the training of neural networks. PyTorch keeps track of operations performed on tensors and constructs a computation graph, allowing it to calculate gradients efficiently.

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Ques 4. Explain the forward and backward pass in the context of neural network training.

In the forward pass, input data is passed through the neural network to compute the predicted output. During the backward pass, the gradients of the loss with respect to the model parameters are calculated using backpropagation. These gradients are then used to update the model parameters through an optimization algorithm, such as stochastic gradient descent (SGD), facilitating the training of the neural network.

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Ques 5. How do you transfer a deep learning model from CPU to GPU in PyTorch?

In PyTorch, you can transfer a model from CPU to GPU using the `.to()` method. For example, if your model is named `model` and you want to move it to the GPU, you can use the following code: `model.to('cuda')`. This will move both the model parameters and the input data to the GPU. Additionally, PyTorch provides the `torch.cuda.is_available()` function to check if a GPU is available for use.

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