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Business Analyst Interview Questions and Answers

Freshers / Beginner level questions & answers

Ques 1. What is Business Analysis?

Business Analysis is the set of analysis, tasks, knowledge, and techniques required to identify business needs, requirements and determine solutions to enterprise business problems. The general definition is similar, the practices and procedures may vary in different industries.

In Information technology industry, solutions often include a systems development requirements, but may also consist of process or organizational change.

The business analysis may also be performed to get the output of the current state of an organization or business or project. In most cases, however, business analysis is performed to define and certifify solutions that meet business needs, goals, or objectives.

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Ques 2. Who is a Business Analyst?

A business analyst is a person who analyzes a business domain or organization and documents its requirements, business, processes, or systems, assessing the business model or its integration with technology.

However, the titles vary based on different organizations such as analyst, business analyst, business systems analyst or maybe systems analyst.

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Ques 3. Why a Business Analyst needed in an organization?

Organizations need business to grow and an analyst is required for the following reasons -

  • To deploy a system in the organization there is a need to understand the basic structure and the process of the organization.
  • To identify improvement areas and understand current problems in the target organization.
  • To ensure that the end user, customer, and developers have a common understanding of the target organization.

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Ques 4. What is SDLC?

SDLC stands for Software Development Life Cycle. Sometimes, it is also called System Development Life Cycle or Application Development Life Cycle. It is used to describe the process of planning, creating, testing, deploying and maintaining an information system.

The SDLC process includes mainly five phases:

  • Planning
  • Analysis
  • Design
  • Implementation
  • Maintenance

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Ques 5. What is a flowchart?

Flowcharts are used to display the complete flow of systems through symbols and diagrams. It shows that what information is needed in a process and where it is stored, and how it moves through a system to accomplish an objective.

A flowchart is used to solve the problem and get the ultimate solutions.

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Ques 6. What is the importance of the flowchart?

The flowchart is essential because it makes the system easy to understand for the developers and all associated people.

The person can understand what is required to implement and how we can make it to reach the goal.

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Ques 7. What are the different types of SDLC models?

See the answer here.

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Ques 8. What are the most important skills which a business analyst should have?

  • Good communication skills
  • A good listener
  • Quick learner
  • Good analytical skills
  • Problem-solving approach
  • Tech Savvy
  • Thinker beyond the box
  • Innovative
  • Written english

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Ques 9. What is the difference between Risk and Issue?

Risk: Risk is something which you can forecast and can handle by formulating mitigation plans.

Issue: Risk which already happened is known as Issue and needs resolution in further. Once the problem has occurred, it is solved by contingency management or Issue management.

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Ques 10. What are the key strengths of a business analyst you think of?

Business analysis is an evolving profession, so a business analyst must have the necessary skills for success. He must know technical as well as nontechnical issues.

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Ques 11. What is SDD?

SDD stands for System Design Document.

It is a middle step dividing between business users and developers.

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Ques 12. What is a use case diagram?

A use case diagram is a tool. It is used to explain the entire business environment and to understand all the business and functional use cases. It shows many related events or actions that are performed by a single actor.

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Ques 13. What is UML modeling?

UML stands for Unified Modeling Language. It is a standard in the industry which is used for visualizing, documenting, and constructing the various component of a system.

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Ques 14. What are the exceptions?

Exceptions are the unaccepted inputs, situations or result in an application.

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Ques 15. What are the roles and responsibilities of a business analyst?

The primary role of a business analyst is to organize requirement and document in a clear format and make sure that the whole stakeholder understand the requirements and the coordination is proper between the client and development team.

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Ques 16. What are the main required tools for a business analyst?

A business analyst generally uses rational tools, MS Word, MS Excel, Powerpoint, MS Project, Online UML diagram tools etc.

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Ques 17. How is it different from other Professional carrier?

Business analysis is unique from financial analysis, project management, quality assurance, organizational development, testing, training, and documentation development. However, depending on the organization, a Business Analyst may perform some or all these related functions.

Business analysts who work solely on developing software systems may be called IT business analysts, technical business analysts, online business analysts, business systems analysts, or systems analysts.

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Ques 18. What is the difference between Business analysis and Business Analyst?

A business analyst is a person who performs business analysis in an organization for analyzing the requirements of any product and understand end-to-end.

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Ques 19. In your previous experience, what kind of documents you have created?

Interview response: such as, Functional Specification Documents, Technical Specification Documents, Business Requirements Documents, Use Case Diagram, etc.

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