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Generative AI Interview Questions and Answers

Intermediate / 1 to 5 years experienced level questions & answers

Ques 1. What are the limitations of Generative AI?

While Generative AI has made remarkable strides, it’s essential to acknowledge its limitations and challenges. Understanding these limitations is crucial for responsible and effective use. Here are some key constraints of Generative AI:

  1. Data Dependency: Generative AI models, including GANs, require vast amounts of data for training. Without sufficient data, the quality of generated content may suffer, and the model might produce unrealistic or biased results.
  2. Ethical Concerns: Generative AI can inadvertently perpetuate biases present in the training data. This raises ethical concerns, particularly when it comes to generating content related to sensitive topics, such as race, gender, or religion.
  3. Lack of Control: Generative AI can be unpredictable. Controlling the output to meet specific criteria, especially in creative tasks, can be challenging. This lack of control can limit its practicality in some applications.
  4. Resource Intensive: Training and running advanced Generative AI models demand substantial computational resources, making them inaccessible to smaller organizations or individuals with limited computing power.
  5. Overfitting: Generative models may memorize the training data instead of learning its underlying patterns. This can result in content that lacks diversity and creativity.
  6. Security Risks: There is the potential for malicious use of Generative AI, such as generating deepfake videos for deceptive purposes or creating fake content to spread misinformation.
  7. Intellectual Property Concerns: When Generative AI is used to create content, determining ownership and copyright becomes complex. This raises legal questions about intellectual property rights.
  8. Validation Challenges: It can be difficult to validate the authenticity of content generated by Generative AI, which can be problematic in contexts where trust and reliability are paramount.

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Ques 2. What are the ethical concerns surrounding Generative AI?

Generative AI, with its ability to create content autonomously, brings forth a host of ethical considerations. As this technology becomes more powerful, it’s crucial to address these concerns to ensure responsible and ethical use. Here are some of the ethical concerns surrounding Generative AI:

  1. Bias and Fairness: Generative AI models can inadvertently perpetuate biases present in their training data. This can lead to the generation of content that reflects and reinforces societal biases related to race, gender, and other sensitive attributes.
  2. Privacy: Generative AI can be used to create deepfake content, including fabricated images and videos that can infringe upon an individual’s privacy and reputation.
  3. Misinformation: The ease with which Generative AI can generate realistic-looking text and media raises concerns about its potential for spreading misinformation and fake news.
  4. Identity Theft: Generative AI can create forged identities, making it a potential tool for identity theft and fraud.
  5. Deceptive Content: Malicious actors can use Generative AI to create deceptive content, such as fake reviews, emails, or social media posts, with the intent to deceive or defraud.
  6. Legal and Copyright Issues: Determining the legal ownership and copyright of content generated by AI can be complex, leading to legal disputes and challenges.
  7. Psychological Impact: The use of Generative AI in creating content for entertainment or social interactions may have psychological impacts on individuals who may not always distinguish between AI-generated and human-generated content.
  8. Accountability: Establishing accountability for content generated by AI is challenging. When harmful content is created, it can be unclear who should be held responsible.

To address these ethical concerns, developers and users of Generative AI must prioritize responsible and ethical practices. This includes rigorous data curation to minimize bias, clear labeling of AI-generated content, and adherence to ethical guidelines and regulations.

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Ques 3. How can Generative AI be used in art and creativity?

Use Case


Art Generation

AI algorithms create visual art based on input parameters.

Music  Creation & Composition

AI generates music, offering fresh inspiration to musicians.

Writing Assistance

AI assists writers with ideas, plot twists, and even stories.

Design Optimization

AI optimizes layouts, colors, and styles in design fields.

Art Restoration

AI reconstructs damaged artworks, preserving cultural heritage.

Style Transfer

AI applies artistic styles to photos or images, creating unique visuals.

Virtual Worlds

AI powers immersive virtual worlds, enhancing gaming and entertainment.

Fashion Design

AI generates clothing designs, predicting trends in fashion.

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Ques 4. What are the challenges in training Generative AI models?

Training Generative AI models presents several challenges:

  1. Data Quality: High-quality training data is essential. Noisy or biased data can lead to flawed outputs.
  2. Computational Resources: Training large models demands substantial computational power and time.
  3. Mode Collapse: GANs may suffer from mode collapse, where they generate limited varieties of outputs.
  4. Ethical Considerations: AI-generated content can raise ethical issues, including misinformation and deepfakes.
  5. Evaluation Metrics: Measuring the quality of generated content is subjective and requires robust evaluation metrics.

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Ques 5. What are the key components of a GAN architecture in Generative AI?

A Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) comprises two main components:

  1. Generator: This component creates synthetic data. It takes random noise as input and transforms it into data that resembles the training dataset.
  2. Discriminator: The discriminator’s role is to distinguish between real and generated data. It learns to classify data as real or fake.

GANs operate on a feedback loop. The generator aims to produce data that can fool the discriminator, while the discriminator gets better at distinguishing real from fake data. This competition results in the generation of high-quality synthetic content.

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Ques 6. How can Generative AI be used in healthcare?

Generative AI in Healthcare

Technical Applications

Medical Imaging

Enhancing image quality for diagnosis.

Drug Discovery

Generating molecular structures for new drugs.

Health Data Generation

Synthesizing medical data for ML datasets.

Predictive Modeling

Creating models for disease outbreak prediction.

Natural Language Processing

Generating medical reports and clinical notes.

Personalized Medicine

Tailoring treatment plans based on patient data.

Medical Simulations

Creating realistic training simulations for healthcare professionals.

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Ques 7. What are some examples of Generative AI generating music?

Generative AI Music Tools

Key Features

Meta’s AudioCraft

– Trained on licensed music and sound effects. 

– Enables quick addition of music and sounds to videos via text prompts.

OpenAI’s MuseNet

– Analyzes style, rhythm, and harmony in music. 

– Can switch between music genres and incorporate up to 10 instruments.

iZotope’s AI Assistants

– Pioneering AI-assisted music production tool. 

– Offers valuable insights and assistance in music creation.

Jukebox by OpenAI

– Generates music samples from scratch based on genre, artist, and lyrics.

VEED’s AI Music Generator

– Creates royalty-free, unique soundtracks for videos using Generative AI.

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Ques 8. What are some successful real-world applications of Generative AI?



Image Generation

OpenAI’s DALL-E generated an image from text descriptions

Conversational AI Apps for Patients

Ada: Symptom assessment and medical guidance in multiple languages

AI for Early Disease Detection

SkinVision: Early detection of skin cancer

AI for Accessibility

Be My Eyes: Converting images to text for the visually impaired

AI for Patient Interactions and Support

Hyro: Enhancing patient engagement and healthcare support

Content Creation 

ChatGPT: Generating text content and creative writing

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Ques 9. How do you evaluate the quality of output from a Generative AI model?

Evaluation Aspect


Human Review

Assess output for coherence, relevance, and accuracy

Diversity Check

Ensure content doesn’t become repetitive

Plagiarism Detection

Verify originality and copyright compliance

User Feedback

Gather user input for improvement

Domain-Specific Metrics

Use metrics like BLEU scores for specific domains

Ethical Considerations

Ensure content aligns with ethical guidelines

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Ques 10. Can Generative AI be used for language translation?

The answer is YES. Generative AI is increasingly used for language translation, and it has significantly improved the accuracy and efficiency of translation services. Here’s how it works:

  • Neural Machine Translation (NMT): Generative AI models, particularly those based on NMT, excel at language translation. They analyze vast amounts of bilingual text data to learn how languages correspond and then generate translations based on this knowledge.
  • Multilingual Capabilities: These models can handle multiple languages, making them versatile for global communication.
  • Continuous Improvement: AI translation models continuously learn and adapt to language nuances, ensuring that translations become more accurate over time.
  • Real-time Translation: AI-powered translation services are integrated into various platforms, allowing for real-time translation of text, speech, and even images.

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Ques 11. How can Generative AI models be fine-tuned for specific tasks?



Step 1: Dataset Selection

Choose a relevant, diverse dataset.

Step 2: Architecture Selection

Pick a suitable pre-trained model.

Step 3: Task-Specific Objective

Define a clear task and adapt the model.

Step 4: Hyperparameter Tuning

Adjust parameters for optimal performance.

Step 5: Training Process

Train the model and monitor performance.

Step 6: Regularization Techniques

Apply techniques like dropout and decay.

Step 7: Evaluation

Assess performance using relevant metrics.

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Ques 12. Are there any Generative AI models that generate code?

The answer is YES. There are Generative AI models specifically designed for code generation. These models are a boon for developers, as they automate and optimize many aspects of software development. Here’s an overview:

  • One prominent example is OpenAI’s GPT-4, which can generate code snippets for a variety of programming languages.
  • Another noteworthy model is OpenAI’s Codex, built on GPT-3, which excels at understanding and generating code in natural language. It’s like having a coding companion.
  • GitHub Copilot is another fantastic tool to generate code based on your desired technology stack.
  • Generative AI models analyze code repositories and documentation to understand coding conventions and best practices. They can then generate code that aligns with these standards.
  • These models are not just limited to generating simple code snippets; they can assist in more complex tasks, such as writing entire functions or even suggesting optimized algorithms.
  • Developers can save time and reduce errors by leveraging Generative AI models for code generation, making software development more efficient.

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