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PySpark Interview Questions and Answers

Ques 1. What is PySpark?

PySpark is the Python API for Apache Spark, a fast and general-purpose cluster computing system.


from pyspark.sql import SparkSession

spark = SparkSession.builder.appName('example').getOrCreate()

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Ques 2. Explain the concept of Resilient Distributed Datasets (RDD) in PySpark.

RDD is the fundamental data structure in PySpark, representing an immutable distributed collection of objects. It allows parallel processing and fault tolerance.


data = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
rdd = spark.sparkContext.parallelize(data)

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Ques 3. What is the difference between a DataFrame and an RDD in PySpark?

DataFrame is a higher-level abstraction on top of RDD, providing a structured and tabular representation of data. It supports various optimizations and operations similar to SQL.


df = spark.createDataFrame([(1, 'John'), (2, 'Jane')], ['ID', 'Name'])

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Ques 4. How can you perform the join operation in PySpark?

You can use the 'join' method on DataFrames. For example, df1.join(df2, df1['key'] == df2['key'], 'inner') performs an inner join on 'key'.


result = df1.join(df2, df1['key'] == df2['key'], 'inner')

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Ques 5. Explain the purpose of the 'groupBy' operation in PySpark.

'groupBy' is used to group the data based on one or more columns. It is often followed by aggregation functions to perform operations on each group.


grouped_data = df.groupBy('Category').agg({'Price': 'mean'})

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