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SDLC Interview Questions and Answers

Ques 1. What is Software Life Cycle?

Software life cycle comprise the total life of the software developed right from the time of initial development to the time it is scrapped out or terminated. This includes the development phases, revisions and upgrades and if necessary adding it up with another software project as well.

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Ques 2. Why is software development life cycle important?

SDLC serves as a guide to the project and provides a flexible and consistent medium to accommodate changes, and perform the project to meet the client's objectives. SDLC phases define key schedules and delivery points that ensure timely and correct delivery to the client within budget and other constraints and project requirements. SDLC co-operates with project control and management activities as they must be introduced within each phase of SDLC. 

Following are some of the points that briefly describe the importance of the SDLC process:

  • It explains why project planning, scheduling, and budgeting are necessary.
  • It allows for some control over the development process in order to guarantee that the final product meets the original criteria.
  • It provides a structure for a standard set of projects and deliverables.
  • It helps in the growth process by increasing the visibility of project planning to all involved parties.
  • It assures that the design and testing processes that lead to a solution's release are good and well-managed.
  • It is the most effective method for project management and tracking.
  • It aids in the acceleration of development and the improvement of client relationships.
  • It aids in the reduction of project risk and overhead in the project administration plan.

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Ques 3. What are the different phases in SDLC?

SDLC, or Software Development Life Cycle, refers to the process of developing software from initial conception to deployment and maintenance. The SDLC consists of several distinct phases, each with its own set of activities, deliverables, and objectives. The typical phases in the SDLC are as follows:

  1. Requirements Gathering: In this phase, stakeholders collaborate to gather and document the software requirements. This involves understanding the needs of users, identifying features, and defining project goals.

  2. Analysis: During this phase, the gathered requirements are analyzed in detail. This includes identifying potential challenges, defining scope, and creating prototypes or mockups to visualize the final product.

  3. Design: In the design phase, the overall architecture of the software system is developed. This includes designing system architecture, database structure, user interface layout, and defining data flow.

  4. Implementation (Coding): In this phase, the actual coding of the software system takes place based on the design specifications. Developers write, test, and debug code to implement the features and functionality defined in earlier stages.

  5. Testing: The testing phase involves verifying that the software meets the specified requirements and functions correctly. This includes unit testing, integration testing, system testing, and user acceptance testing to ensure quality and reliability.

  6. Deployment: Once the software has been thoroughly tested and approved, it is deployed to the production environment. This involves installing the software on end-user systems or servers and configuring it for use.

  7. Maintenance: The maintenance phase involves ongoing support and maintenance of the software. This includes fixing bugs, addressing user feedback, implementing updates and enhancements, and ensuring the continued reliability and performance of the software.

These phases are often depicted as a linear sequence, but in practice, they may overlap or iterate depending on the specific project methodology used (e.g., Waterfall, Agile, Spiral, etc.) and project requirements. Each phase is essential for ensuring the successful development, deployment, and maintenance of software systems.

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Ques 4. What is SDLC model? What are the most well known SDLC models?

An SDLC model defines implementation of an approach to the project. It defines the various processes, and phases that would be carried out throughout the project to produce the desired output. There are a variety of SDLC models that exist catering to different needs and characteristics of a project. Some are of iterative nature (Prototyping), whereas some are sequential (waterfall). Some of the well known SDLC models are:

  • Waterfall Model
  • Iterative Model
  • Spiral Model
  • V-Model
  • RAD Model
  • Agile Model 

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Ques 5. Explain the phases in a typical SDLC process briefly.

  • Planning: The first stage of the SDLC is all about determining, what clients want. Project planning is an important component of the software delivery lifecycle because it is here that the team estimates the cost and outlines the new program's needs.
  • Gathering Requirements: Defining requirements is part of the planning process to figure out what the application is supposed to perform and what it needs. The development team examines the requirements while keeping the software's design and code in mind.
  • Design: The following phase entails distilling all of the software project's requirements, analysis, and design information. This phase is the culmination of the previous two, such as customer feedback and requirement collecting. It is a simulation of how a software application will work. Some particulars of this phase are architecture, platform, security, and user interface.
  • Development: This is where the code is really written. Writing code is the first step in putting a design into action. Developers must adhere to the coding requirements set forth by their bosses. Many other jobs are included in the coding process. Many developers need to brush up on their abilities or collaborate with others. It's vital to find and resolve problems and flaws. If any changes or upgrades are needed, the developers can show the work to the business analysts.
  • Testing: Before making an application available to users, it's vital to test it. The testing team examines the system's overall functionality. This phase aids in reducing the number of faults and issues seen by consumers. As a result, there is a higher level of user satisfaction and a higher rate of utilization.
  • Deployment: Once the product has been thoroughly tested and is ready for deployment, it is made available to customers. The deployment's complexity is determined by the project's size. Many businesses prefer to have the deployment step automated.
  • Maintenance: The developed product is looked after throughout this period. The program is updated on a regular basis to keep up with the changing user-end environment or technology. Users find flaws that were not discovered during testing. These issues must be addressed, which may result in new development cycles.

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